Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer found in men and usually begins without symptoms. The chances of surviving prostate cancer are greatly improved with early detection and treatment. At UCLA we offer the entire spectrum of treatment options including, but not limited to, nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy, robotically-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy, laparoscopic prostatectomy, brachytherapy, cryotherapy and active surveillance, as well as offering Targeted Prostate Biopsy using MR-Ultrasound Fusion to diagnose prostate cancer.
Almost all prostate cancers are adenocarcinomas. These cancers develop from the gland cells (the cells that make the prostate fluid that is added to the semen).
- Small cell carcinomas
- Neuroendocrine tumors (other than small cell carcinomas)
- Transitional cell carcinomas
These other types of prostate cancer are rare. If you have prostate cancer it is almost certain to be an adenocarcinoma.
Some prostate cancers can grow and spread quickly, but most grow slowly. In fact, autopsy studies show that many older men (and even some younger men) who died of other causes also had prostate cancer that never affected them during their lives. In many cases neither they nor their doctors even knew they had it.